Documenta Praehistorica XXXVII

Neolithic Studies 17


Kornelija Minichreiter and Katarina Botić

Early Neolithic burials of Starćevo culture at Galovo, Slavonski Brod (Northern Croatia

105-124

DOI: 10.4312/dp.37.10

Abstract

At Galovo, near Slavonski Brod (Posavina, northern Croatia), a part of an early phase Starčevo culture settlement was found. Inside the settlement a ritual space was separated from the living area by semicircular wooden fences, which shows the so far unknown dimension of ritual burials and organisation of life in the settlement during this period. In a big burial pit, three individuals were buried: a man (complete skeleton), and a woman and a man, both without heads. In the small burial pit a man without a face was buried. Offerings near the buried individuals and objects in the pits show function and tribal status of these individuals at the settlement. Radiocarbon analyses date the burials to around 5700 and 5300 calBC.

Izvleček

Na najdišču Galovo pri Slavonskem Brodu (Posavina, Severna Hrvaška) je bila odkrita zgodnja faza naselja kulture Starčevo. Polkrožna lesena ograda je ritualni prostor ločevala od bivalnega. V veliki grobni jami so bile pokopane tri osebe: moški (cel skelet) in ženska ter moški, oba brez glave. V majhni grobni jami je bil pokopan moški brez obraznega dela lobanje. Pridatki govorijo o njihovem socialnem položaju in rodovni pripadnosti. Grobovi so datirani med 5700 and 5300 BC.

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© Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana 2010